Pothos (Epipremnum aureum), a large evergreen vine belonging to the genus Eucheuma, grows in tropical areas and often climbs on the rocks and trunks of rainforests. It has strong entangle ability and developed aerial roots, and can be cultivated in hydroponics.
Mature branches stipes stout, 30 to 40 cm long, base slightly expanded, the upper joint 2.5 3 cm long, slightly fleshy, venter has wide groove, longleaf sheath and blade heavy leather quality, emerald, (especially the foliage) usually have most irregular pure yellow patches, margin entire, ranging from side ovate or oblong, oval, apex abruptly short acuminate, base deeply cordate, slightly thick, slightly uplift on both sides.
A tropical rainforest is native to the Solomon Islands in Indonesia.
Petioles 8-10 cm long, sheathed to apex on both sides; Sheaths leathery, persistent, proximally 1cm wide on each side, tapering upward; Lower leaves large, 5-10 cm long, distal ones 6-8cm long, papery, broadly ovate, shortly acuminate, base cordate, 6.5 cm wide. Petiole stout on mature branches, 30-40 cm long, slightly enlarged at base, upper articular 2.5-3 cm long, slightly thickened, ventrally with broad grooves.
Tall vines stem climbing, internodes with longitudinal grooves; Much branched, branchlets drape. Young branches whiplike, slender, 3-4mm thick, internodes 15-20 cm long.
Leaf-sheaths long leaves thinly leathery, emerald green, often (especially on the surface) with many irregular pure yellow patches, entire, unequal ovate or ovate-oblong, apex shortly acuminate, base deeply cordate, 32-45 cm long and 24-36 cm wide, grade I lateral veins 8-9 pairs, slightly coarse, slightly elevated on both sides, At an acute Angle of 70°-80° (-90 °) with the strong middle ribs, the grade II lateral veins are more slender and the veinlets are weak, and are netted with the grade I and II lateral veins.
Pothos is a negative plant. It likes a hot and humid environment, avoiding direct sunlight and liking shade. Like rich in humus, loose fertile, slightly acidic soil. The overwintering temperature should not be below 15℃.
Pothos is a feminine plant that likes to scatter light and tolerate shade. It is known as the “flower of life” because of its strong vitality. Spread down the green leaves, very easy to satisfy. Indoor planting, whether potted or folded a few stem hydroponics, can grow well. It can not only be attached to the column made of brown, but also be cultivated to be hung in the study, windowsill, or directly potted, which is a beautiful flower very suitable for indoor planting.
Propagation by cuttings and buried stem method. Select robust green vine, cut into two sections, pay attention not to hurt the air roots, and then insert into the sand or coal slag, the depth is 1/3 of the cuttings, put in the shade, spray water to the leaf surface every day or cover the plastic film moisturizing, environmental temperature is not less than 20℃, the survival rate is more than 90%.
Water plugging and breeding
Pothos can also be used to plug the top bud water, the method is: cut the tender and strong stems 20 cm to 30 cm long for a section, directly inserted in the bottle of water, every 2 to 3 days to change the water once, more than 10 days can root alive. Due to the limitation of potting soil, potted Pothoslets are easy to be age and their leaves become smaller and fall off after a long time of cultivation. Therefore, after 2 to 3 years of cultivation, it is necessary to change POTS or prune and renew.
Light: the original growth conditions of the plant are the trees covered by towering trees, and the positive is not strong. But in autumn and winter in the north, to supplement the insufficient temperature and photosynthesis, but should increase its illuminance. The idea is to put the plants in the best light indoors or move to a sealed balcony at noon to bask in the sun. At the same time, when the temperature is low, try to open Windows as little as possible, because in a very short time, the leaves can be frostbitten.
Temperature: in the north, the room temperature above 10℃, the plant can safely winter, room temperature above 20℃, the plant can grow normally. It is not a big problem for ordinary families to reach this temperature. It is necessary to pay attention to avoid excessive temperature differences, and also to pay attention to the leaves not close to the heating equipment.
Humidity: humidity refers to the water content of the air in which plants grow. Under the condition of maintaining normal temperature, increasing humidity is extremely beneficial to the growth of plants. The following methods can be used to increase humidity. Keep plants close to the humidifier, which is open for more than 5 hours a day, so that plants can enjoy the water mist emitted by the humidifier; Spray the leaves, stems, and roots of plants with a spray set to a fog scale several times a day; Keep the proper amount of water in the pot tray to increase the local temperature of plants through its evaporation; Wipe the leaves lightly with a cold wet towel or toilet paper or apply the leaves lightly for a short time (1-2 hours daily); Cover the plants with transparent plastic film to create the effect of a small greenhouse, by evaporating the moisture in the soil to replenish the water of the plant, not more than 2 hours a day, too long will affect the plant ventilation and photosynthesis.
Water: The amount of watering in autumn and winter should be strictly controlled according to room temperature. Before heating, the temperature is lower, the plant-soil evaporation is slower, to reduce watering, the amount of water should be controlled between 1/4 and 1/2 of the original. Even after heating, watering can not be too often, watering to the basin less pouring, should be by brown silk seepage. In addition, water should also be sprayed to the aerial root growth of the brown column to reduce the root water absorption caused by excessive evaporation. Winter water to dry after a day of water is better, too cold water easy to damages the roots.
Fertilizer: In the autumn and winter season in the north, plants grow slowly and even stop growing, so should reduce fertilization. Before winter, liquid inorganic fertilizer is mainly poured and sprayed, and the time is about 15 days. In winter, the main fertilizer application is foliar spraying, mainly through the stomata on the foliar spraying, through the stomata on the foliar absorbing fertilizer, fertilizer effect can directly affect the foliar. Foliar fertilizer should use special fertilizer, common inorganic fertilizer is not easy to be absorbed by foliar.
The plastic clip
Each pot of planting or direct cutting 4-5 strains, the middle of the pot set up a palm column, easy to wind up the growth. Orthopedic pruning takes place in spring. When the stem and vine are covered with the brown column, tip beyond the column 20 cm or so, cut off 2-3 plants of 40 cm of stem tip. After being cut short, new buds and leaves germinate and then cut off the stem tips of other plants. If the whole plant or the lower part of the pot plant defoliates due to cold in winter or other reasons, one half of the stem of the plant can be cut off 1/2, and the other half of the stem can be cut off 2/3 or 3/4 so that the height of the cutting edge is staggered so that the new leaves growing under the cutting edge can quickly cover the brown pillars.
The main value
Pothos is one of the most excellent indoor decoration plants, climbing vine and watching leaf flowers. Buy on the ark top of furniture tall cover basin, allow its tendril stem to droop calmly, or be in tendril stem to hang after hanging too long circle condole becomes a ring, just like emerald green color anaglassy. Made full use of space already so, purified air, the green that added line lively, color lively to inflexible ark face again is acted the role of, extremely rich vitality, make the same score to the bedroom add harmonious appeal.
Environmentalists found that a pot of Pothos in 8 ~ 10 square meters of the room is equivalent to an air purifier, can effectively absorb harmful gases such as formaldehyde, benzene, and trichloroethylene in the air. It is not only tenacious, but also placed indoors, and its ability to purify the air is no less than ivy and chlorophytum. New flooring is very prone to harmful substances. Because the plant can purify benzene, trichloroethylene, and formaldehyde in the air at the same time, it is very suitable for placing in the newly decorated room.
It is called “the flower of life” because of its strong vitality. Spreading down the green branches, very easy to satisfy, even drink water also feel happy.
The flower language of Pothos is “watch happiness”, you can put one or two pots of pothos in the home, bright colors, very vibrant, both can decorate the room, and can purify the air, add interest to life.