Ornamental aloe vera, small potted aloe vera is placed on the desk and study table to purify the air. Large potted aloe vera is placed in the living room and courtyard to beautify the living room.
However, because the ecological environment of home potted aloe vera is different from that of field planting, the plant is confined to a small pot. To meet the requirements of temperature, humidity, light, and other environmental conditions during the growth and development of the root system, it is important to learn how to scientifically plant and care for aloe vera in pots to promote the normal development and growth of the plant.
If you are interested in how to grow and care for aloe vera in pots, read on.
The soil should be a fertile, loose, well-drained sandy loam, but overly moist soil is not suitable for planting.
Aloe vera likes to grow in a neutral environment, the most suitable soil pH, generally requiring pH 6.8-7.0.
In addition, the potting soil is required to be relatively clean and hygienic, available for regular soil disinfection, sterilization treatment.
From the texture of the pot, there are mud pots, alabaster pots, porcelain pots, plastic pots, etc. Choose the right pot for planting according to your personal preference and aesthetic interest. Mud pots with good permeability are the most suitable for cultivating aloe vera.
If you choose a new pot, you should soak it with water, otherwise, it will not be easy to permeate the pot after pot, and the half-dry and half-wet pot walls will hurt the new roots.
If you use old pots, you should clean the residue of the potting soil and moss and put it in the sun to dry it out again, which can increase the permeability of the pot and prevent pests and diseases.
Planting is the beginning of potted plants, and this process is closely related to the growth and development of potted aloe vera later.
Planting time: In spring and summer. The indoor temperature is 15~18℃. At the right temperature, the plant grows fast and has a high survival rate. Winter is not suitable for planting, the temperature is too low, which is not conducive to plant growth, and even seedling rot can occur, and the plant will die.
Management after planting: Don’t let the newly planted aloe vera get direct sunlight to avoid water loss and excessive nutrient consumption, it should be placed in a shaded place for maintenance and then moved to the sunlight after a while, and only after rooting can it get more sunlight.
It is not advisable to water much before the aloe is rooted again, let alone fertilize. If the soil is too wet, it is easy for rotten roots to occur. Generally, it is not watered if it is not dry but watered thoroughly if it is dry.
Fertilizers can be divided into two categories: organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer.
Organic fertilizers are more comprehensive in nutrient content and slower in fertilizing effect. Inorganic fertilizers, also known as chemical fertilizers, such as ammonium nitrate, urea, diammonium, etc., have high active ingredients, fast fertilizing effect, and low dosage, and are more effective when applied in combination with organic fertilizers. To ensure the quality of aloe vera, generally try not to apply chemical fertilizers.
The concentration of fertilizer should not be too high, otherwise, it will produce harm to the plant. You can fertilize according to the growth of aloe vera and different seasons. Generally, if the growth is faster in spring and autumn, you can increase the number of fertilization, and if the growth is slow in winter, you can apply less fertilization or even no fertilization.
Aloe vera drought tolerance is very strong, 3 to 5 months without watering will not dry up, but growth is inhibited, the leaves dry up and no juice. If the soil is too wet for a long time, it will lead to rotten roots and eventually, the whole plant will die.
Watering time should be kept in the early morning and evening in spring and summer, and at noon in winter. In addition, according to the different growth and development stages of the plant and natural conditions to be flexible.
If the surrounding air humidity, evaporation intensity is low, to waterless; if the air is dry, high temperature, strong air circulation, we must timely watering, to prevent the soil and leaves from losing water too quickly. In short, to achieve reasonable watering.
Aloe likes temperature and is afraid of cold, when the temperature drops to 15℃ it stops growing and starts to die when it drops below 0℃.
Therefore, in the winter when the temperature is too low, pay attention to taking appropriate measures to increase the temperature and insulation. In winter, you should try to water less or even not to water, you can properly moisten the surface of the leaves, and try to let the aloe receive some light.
In conclusion, what needs to be remembered is that aloe vera is a tropical and subtropical light-loving plant that requires sufficient sunlight and air to grow.
At the same time, aloe vera is a tropical desert succulent, avoiding standing water, humidity, and lack of ventilation and air. Aloe vera is suitable for growth in sandy soil with good air permeability and good water permeability. It does not require much fertilizer, mainly organic fertilizer, supplemented by trace element fertilizer.